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Articles are the part of speech which help us to understand if noun is mascaline or feminine. In french every noun has a gender: it is either mascaline or feminine. In french there are four type of articles:

L'article indéfini

L'article défini

L'article contracté

L'article partitif

Here we will talk about articles contracté. If you want to know about other articles you can go through my other posts. I have explained all other articles.

Articles contracté 

  • When the preposition à ( to, at and sometimes in ) combines with the definite articles, the following changes or contraction take place.
À + le = au (mascaline)
À + la = à la (feminine)
À + les = aux ( plural mascaline/ feminine)
À + l' = à l' ( singular + vowel)

1. We are talking to the professor. 
Nous parlons au professeur 
Here professor is mascaline so we have to write au

2. Émilie is going to swimming pool.
Émilie va à la piscine 
Piscine is feminine so we will write à la

  • When the preposition de ( of, from ) combines with definite articles, the following contractions or changes take place.
De + le = du (mascaline)
De + la = de la (feminine)
De + les = des ( plural mescaline/ feminine)
De + l' = de l' ( singular + vowel)

These books are of the boys.
Ce sont les livres des garçons. 
Here garçons are plural so we will write the article des

Pierre comes from school.
Pierre vient de l'école
School is singular as well as commence with a vowel so we will write de l' ( does not metter if our noun is mascaline or feminine)

Before proper nouns preposition à is used. No definite articles take place.

I speak to Catherine 
Je parle à Catherine.

Before proper nouns preposition de is used. No definite articles take place.

I come from Delhi.
Je viens de Delhi.

Article with adjective Possessive 

If there is Possessive adjectives before the noun, we do not add definite articles. We write only preposition ( de and à)
I am fan of your father.
Je suis fan de ton père. 

This is the girl's book.
The use of apostrophe s in English to mark the possession does not have its equivalent in French. Here we use articles contractés.
Some Examples of A

1. I am going to the restaurant 
Je vais au restaurant 

2. He is going to the theater 
Il va au théâtre. 

3. They are going to canteen.
Ils vont à la cantine. 

4. She goes to the house.
Elle va à la maison.

5. Students are going to the university. 
Les élèves vont à l'université.

Some examples of DE

He comes from the post office. 
Il vient de la poste.

2. We return from the church. 
Nous rentrons de la église.

3. The manager returns from the bank.
Le manegar rentre de la banque.

4. He comes from airport. 
Il vient de l'aéroport.

Exercice for practice 

1 Ce sont des livres_______ fille.

2. Les clés _______ Catherine sont dans le panier. 

3. L'appartement ______ mon ami est grand.

4. C'est l'ordinateur _____ Marc.

5. La chemise ________ infermière est blanche.

6. Je parle _____ professeur. 

7. Il donne les stylo _____ son fils. 

8. Annie va ______ marché.

9. Ces chaussures sont _____ mon mari.

10. La maison  _____ garçon est rouge.

For other articles, Kindly follow these links:



1. Des
2. De ( as Catherine is a proper noun)
3. De ( no definite article before Possessive adjective)
4. De 
5. De la
6. Au
7. À
8. Au
9. De 
10. Du

Post a Comment


  1. Amazing article! This article will incredibly beneficial for those who aspire to study french in an effortless way. I emphatically recommend this website for french learners. Keep sharing!!

  2. This is amazing it helps to learn French. Waiting for the next topic.

  3. Learning french isnt as easy i thought but these articles are really helpful

  4. Great work keet it up.
    Looking forward to your upcoming lessons

  5. Explained very well easy to learn from ur blog

  6. So au is the contracted form of a le and aux is contracted form of a les. Ahhh....tres bien merci!

  7. Amazing article easy to understand 👍

  8. very helpful article


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